Festivals and celebrations form an integral part of the country of India which is often known as the “The Land of Festivals”. The variety of festivals held in various parts of the country at different times throughout the year depicts its rich cultural heritage. There are festivals for every religion and region held during different times of the year. Every state of the country has their own festivals during which all people take part in the rejoicings irrespective of their caste, creed, religion and age.
Ram Navami is one of the Major festivals of the country and is observed as a holiday in many places. It is mainly a Hindu festival and is celebrated in memory of Lord Rama and his marriage with Sita. Ram Navami marks the birth of the Lord to the king of Ayodhya Dasarath and his wife Queen Kaushalya. The festival is celebrated with pomp and rejoicings all over the country on the ninth day of the month of Chaitra according to the hindu lunar calendar. Lord Rama is worshipped as the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu and there are various rituals and ceremonies performed during the occasion in honor of the great Lord.
The occasion of Ram Navami owes its origin to a number of legends of the epic of Ramayana. It says that Dasarath who was the king of Ayodhya had three wives Kausalya, Sumitra and Kaikeyi. But the only problem was that they had no children. After many offerings and ceremonies at last he had four sons. Rama was the son of Kaushalya and is regarded as the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is said that the great Lord Vishnu takes birth in this world whenever there is Adharma over Dharma. The festival is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Lord Rama and it also reminds us of the Marriage of Lord Rama with Sita.
During the festival people throng themselves at the temples at other places of worship and make their offerings to the great Lord. During the festival, many people perform the ritual of Kalyanotsavam which symbolizes the marriage of Rama and Sita. Other important parts of the ceremony include Panakam and the procession which is a most integral part of the occasion. The festival is also marked by fasting and other several rituals. Different rituals are performed in different part of the country according to the local cultures and traditions but however the central idea remains the same.
People decorate their houses and streets are decorated during the processions to mark the zeal and pomp of the ceremony. Thus to conclude it can be said that Ram Navami is one of the festivals of the nation that not only symbolizes the cultural heritage but also depict the integration and unity of the nation.