India is one of the ancient lands of culture and heritage thus claiming to be one of the finest resources in the study of world culture. It depicts the versatility and essence of culture irrespective of caste, creed, and religion. It is evident from the variety of festivals celebrated every year. Hence “festivals” play a key role to ignite the richness and flavor of the occasion. Different kinds of festivals for numerous occasions are celebrated all over the country having their own individuality. Each festival reflects tradition and heritage of the caste or tribe or religion from which they originate. People from all over the country participate in each kind of festivals sharing the brotherhood among them. Festival is a kind of bond which links all religions and regions of the country, redefining their unity and secularity in this modern era.
Eid is one of the most important festivals of the Muslim and is celebrated all over the world, wherever there exist Muslim communities with great zeal and pomp. The festival of Bakra Eid is all about the sacrifices and is also known as Eid-ul-Adha. The celebrations of the festival are held on the tenth day of the Dhuj Hijja according to the Islamic Lunar Calendar which is almost seventy days after the month of Ramadan. The festival of Bakra Eid is held in memory of Abraham who was willing to sacrifice his son for the sake of the Lord.
The legend says, that once Abraham got a dream that God is asking him to sacrifice his son. Being a true devotee he agreed and got ready to sacrifice his son Ishmael for God. None was able to move him from the decision. But just as he was going to kill his son, God stopped him and asked to sacrifice a sheep. Thus the festival got its name of “Bakri” which means sheep. The event also marks the end of pilgrimage for those who travel to Mecca every year.
The celebrations of the festival are marked by new clothes and attires for everyone in the family. In most places it is observed as a national holiday. There is also the custom of sacrificing animals on the occasion of the festival. The process is known as “Qurbani”. After the Qurbani, the meat is distributed among friends and relatives and greetings are exchanged. Qurbani is believed to bring prosper and happiness to the family and the sacrifice is a symbol of the devotion of the people to the almighty.
The festival is known in various names in various Islamic parts of the world, but the central Idea however remains the same. The festival not only depicts the devotion of the people to God, but also symbolizes the unity and integrity of the people of the religion.